The establishment of FICAC was a response to growing concerns by the community on the integrity of public administration, corruption and the abuse of positions and privileges by public officials.
Following its inception, FICAC’s primary focus is to tackle corruption, put in place a system of control and to lift the integrity of public administration which had deteriorated over the years.
To enforce the strength of the organisation, FICAC is given legal powers to investigate and bring the corrupt to justice under two specific Promulgations:
Fiji Independent Commission Against Corruption Promulgation No. 11 of 2007:
(a) establishes FICAC and prescribes the duties of the Commissioner;
(b) receive and consider complaints alleging corrupt practices and investigate such of those complaints as he considers practicable;
(i) any alleged or suspected offence of conspiracy to commit any of theoffences specified in this Promulgation; and
(ii) any alleged or suspected attempt to commit any of the offences specified in this Promulgation, or any alleged or suspected offence of aiding, abetting, inciting, counselling or procuring any of those offences.
(d) Investigate any conduct of a prescribed officer which, in the opinion of the Commissioner is connected with or conducive to corrupt practices and to report thereon to the President;
(e) Examine the practices and procedures of Government departments and public bodies;
(f) Advise heads of Government departments or of public bodies of changes in practices or procedures compatible with the effective discharge of the duties of such departments or public bodies which the Commissioner thinks necessary to reduce the likelihood of the occurrence of corrupt practices;
(g) Educate the public against the evils of corruption; and(h) Enlist and foster public support in combating corruption.
Prevention of Bribery Promulgation No. 12 of 2007
(a) specifies the offences of bribery involving civil servants, public bodies and private sector employees;
(b) gives FICAC powers of investigation to unravel and identify transactions and assets concealed in different guises by the corrupt. The power include:
(i) searching bank accounts
(ii) examining business and private documents; and,
(iii) requiring the suspects to provide details of their assets, income and expenditure.
(c) gives FICAC the power to protect confidentiality of an investigation